The Myers-Briggs personality test classifies you as Introvert or Extrovert, Thinker or Feeler, and so on. It gives you a four-letter type like “INTJ”. The catch is, Myers-Briggs is just bad, bad, bad. If you’ve ever felt that Myers-Briggs seemed promising, but failed to deliver long-term benefits, here’s why.
Reason 1: Labeling ourselves is harmful
Myers-Briggs gives you a label. In practice, being given a label makes a person think they’ll be like that for ever. That’s simply not the case. All the sources I quote on my site leave no doubt that the ability to deal effectively with others is a learned skill. My own experience demonstrates the same. I’ve started from zero and learned how to interact successfully with workmates.
The problem with being given a label is that if you think you can’t change, then you won’t pay much attention to the ways you can change. You’ll just carry right on thinking that you can’t. Busting that myth is a key goal of my site and talks!
I’m sure some fans of Myers-Briggs would point out that you’re not supposed to see your Myers-Briggs type as permanent. They can change over time. (In fact, as we’ll see below, they change rather too often.) The problem is, most people who take the test see the result as permanent even if advised otherwise. As soon as people start saying “I am an INTJ”, they are assuming their current limitations will be permanent. Science says otherwise:
Humans are open systems…
People retain the capacity to change at all ages.
(From the academic paper “Personality Change in Adulthood“, by Roberts and Mroczek)
Reason 2: Labeling others is harmful too
We’re taught as children that we shouldn’t stereotype other people. Then we put on a suit, go to work, and some Myer-Briggs consultant tells us to start stereotyping again! “Your colleague over there, she’s an ESTJ. That guy, he’s an INFP.”
There are many reasons why we’re taught to not stereotype. One is that humans are prone to the “Fundamental Attribution Error”. That’s when we attribute our own behaviour to the unique circumstances of the moment at hand, but we attribute the behaviour of others to their traits or characteristics. We might say, “I’m grumpy today because my kids are sick and I was awake half the night; but Bob’s grumpy because he’s a mean bastard.” Surely we owe others the same decency we offer to ourselves, which is to recognise the existence of a real and complex human, operating in a real and complex world. There’s a reason why its called the Fundamental Attribution Error.
Giving your colleagues Myers-Briggs labels encourages you to see their behaviour as stemming from their “fixed” traits, rather than from their circumstances of the moment. It’s just the Fundamental Attribution Error dressed up in a fake moustache and glasses.
Reason 3: It’s not actionable
Say you know your own Myers-Briggs type, and that of your colleagues. What are you supposed to do about it? How is that information supposed to help you deal with them more effectively?
Are you supposed to carry around in your head the whole matrix of 16 Myers-Briggs types, and for each one the knowledge of how you, given your type, should interact with it? Even if you could do that successfully, wouldn’t your colleagues feel you were trying to manipulate them by tailoring your message to what they want to hear?
Wouldn’t it be much easier to learn one set of communication techniques which apply to all persons, of all personality “types”? These universal techniques are the ones I advocate on my blog. They are techniques which you use “in the moment”, responding to what this person is saying and doing, at this moment in time. In doing so you respect the uniqueness of the other person and the uniqueness of their current circumstances. Your communication works better, and besides, its easier than trying to carry around a mental matrix of 16 different ways to interact with 16 different “types”!
It’s worth noting that, of all the well-researched modern books I’ve read on dialogue skills, I don’t recall a single one ever saying anything about personality types. They teach useful skills instead.
Reason 4: It distracts attention from the good stuff
There is so much good material on learnable practical skills. It’s a crying shame that so much training on workplace interaction begins and ends with personality testing.
I saw first-hand evidence of this when I first started asking friends and colleagues about “people skills for geeks”. Virtually everyone replied by telling me about a personality test they had been given, as if that was the first and last word on the matter. I don’t recall any one of these people, most of whom had attended “professionally”-delivered courses, ever mentioning a single one of the learnable skills which I’ve since discovered from other sources. It is those skills which will be the focus of this website in coming months, but for now, please allow me to put the boot into Myers-Briggs with one last vigorous kick….
Reason 5: It’s scientifically incorrect!
From a scientific point of view, Myers-Briggs just doesn’t add up. To give just three examples:
- Your type, as assessed by the Myers-Briggs test, can change significantly over short periods of time (e.g. 6 months). If the results are that variable what, if anything, is it actually measuring? And what value does the measurement have, if it can change so quickly?
- It promotes false dichotomies. Myers-Briggs says you are either an Introvert or an Extrovert. The facts, as measured by actual science, show this aspect of personality is more like a bell-curve with most people somewhere in the middle. “Ambivert” is the correct term.
- Myers-Briggs would suggest that you are either good with ideas and data or good with people. Science says those skills actually go hand-in hand. The same part of the brain is used for planning (understanding work) and empathy (understanding people). How many people, myself included, have mistakenly assumed these skills are mutually exclusive?
Professor Adam Grant wrote an excellent article about these, and other, problems with Myers-Briggs. I heartily recommend it. I also found a portion of The Wisdom Paradox, by Elkhonon Goldberg, excellent on the point that the same part of the brain handles planning and empathy, and therefore those skills are correlated rather than mutually exclusive.
We have to stop putting ourselves in little 4-letter boxes. It’s time to get on with learning skills instead of accepting restrictive — and scientifically bogus — labels.
I stand by the content of this post, and I would argue that science stands with me ;-) But I do apologise for any offence my wording may have caused. If you happen to be someone who offers Myers-Briggs assessments, please allow me to respectfully make two comments.
- Firstly, if you’re in the business of helping people work together, it would be great if personality testing made up only a minor part of your professional practice. Something like 5% for example. Why? Because there is just so much other good stuff to teach! Your students will get more value from skills than labels.
- Secondly, perhaps personality testing is OK for the purpose of teaching students the lesson that, “Not everyone sees the world you like do”. But instead of Myers-Briggs, why not use a modern test with proven scientific validity?
Finally, if you happen to be a manager who purchases MBTI assessments for your staff… please stop.